The Dual Training Pilot – General Introduction of the Project*
The basic idea of the project is to implement, as a pilot, a dual vocational training course in Lusaka, that is inspired by the German vocational training System, but guided and tailor-fitted to the Zambian reality and circumstances. The basic concept is that trainees are trained in companies on the job, and only the smaller parts of theoretical knowledge are taught outside the company at e.g. a trade school.
The four-year course will train young Zambians on the job within a company to become “fully baked” craftsmen in one of the two pilot trades “Electrical Engineering” and “Concrete Masons”. While the “Concrete Masonry” course will start in 2018, the “Electrical Engineering” courses are set to start in September 2017.
The theoretical knowledge and basic practical skills training will be provided through Thorn Park Construction Training Centre with support of the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Frankfurt / Germany. The Association of Building and Civil Engineering Contractors will coordinate and supervise the entire pilot in close collaboration with TEVETA.
The overall and long-term objective is to improving the competitiveness of the Zambian economy by improving the relevance and needs of vocational education and training.
Hence, the aim of the project is to improve the qualifications and employability of vocational trainees in selected building trades through a model of practice-oriented and dual-interlinked training.
Electrical Engineering Curriculum
The basis of the curriculum is the TEVETA Craft Certificate for Electrical Engineering. This curriculum will be extended by various practical elements that are relevant for the current and future requirements of the industry.
The theoretical part will involve, besides the electrical basic and advanced knowledge, also basic other subjects such as “Mathematics”, “English”, “Ethics and Values” as well as some sort of “Social Science”.
While the school time will be higher in the first year, the practical part will rapidly exceed, as the fundamental rational of the training is “solid experience through relevant, on the job work and repetition”.
To achieve the above mentioned, the curriculum will be divided into parts that will be thought by the school – theory and practical basics – and the real world practical components that the trainee will learn while working in the company.
The legal basis for the Dual Vocational Training is the TEVETA learnership that was created as an update and extension of the previous apprenticeship program by TEVETA that caters for all requirements of the dual vocational training pilot.
All involved parties will be directly contractually connected. A.B.C.E.C. will play the role of the overall facilitator, moderator and monitoring instance to make the process as easy, transparent and standardized as possible.
Commitment / costing for the participating companies
Time commitment: The trainees (learners) are with the company from day one. The company carries the first and supreme responsibility for the trainee. As the trainee is first and foremost supposed to learn on the job, there is not a significant time allocated to in-house, non-productive training. The trainees start on the practical side as those that watch how things are done, hand over tools to the workers, clean the workspaces etc. On the theoretical side, they start with the overall basics, e.g. work safety, behavior on the construction site, do’s and don’ts etc.
What the trainees should see and participate in, which activities they should be involved in, will be guided by the curriculum.
Money commitment: The company will pay the trainee an allowance and will cover all school fees. In return, the trainee is binded to remain with the training program to the very end – otherwise there will be no recognition of any training whatsoever. A.B.C.E.C. will provide close monitoring and guidance, especially of the trainees to ensure that drop-out rates are kept to a minimum, but also to ensure that the companies keep their commitments.
The learning environment is the company. The school comes in to supplement the training in the company on the non- or less-productive issues like theoretical training and the very basic practical skills.
Assessments – Certificates / Diploma
All Assessments and test will be done according to the TEVETA requirements plus practical and theoretical additional tests and assessments by A.B.C.E.C.
As it is planned to date, at the end of the entire program, the trainee will receive the TEVETA Craft Certificate and a certificate from their employer / company plus A.B.C.E.C., that will reflect the trainees performance in all dimensions over the past four years.
Service package offered by A.B.C.E.C. (in conjunction with the partnership project)
A.B.C.E.C. will coordinate the entire pilot in conjunction with the Chamber of Skilled Crafts in Frankfurt, Germany. That includes, but is not limited to, preparation of the curricula, alignment in any respect with TEVETA and other statutory bodies, monitoring of trainees and trainers / teachers, capacity building (within certain limits), communication and documentation.
The German partner in this project is the Chamber of Skilled Crafts Frankfurt-Rhine-Main (Handwerkskammer Frankfurt-Rhein-Main / HWK FRM). The HWK FRM is one of the largest chambers in Germany, serving as a service center for around 33,000 tradespeople with 150,000 employees and 11,000 trainees. The trades in the Frankfurt-Rhine-Main district generate an annual turnover of approx. 12 billion Euros. The Chamber itself currently employs about 200 people. The competence of the Chamber comprises the major cities of Darmstadt, Frankfurt and Offenbach as well as seven other counties. The tasks of HWK FRM include representation of the overall interest of crafts in the region towards society and politics, delegated authorities, training, and company counseling. In the three vocational training and technology centers of the Chamber, apprentices are trained in more than 30 professions in the course of a apprenticeship. The HWK FRM has been active in Africa for many years. Projects have been conducted since 2002 in Countries ranging from Ethiopia, Marokko, Kenia to Zambia. The Chamber therefore has both profound knowledge of various regions of Africa as well as experience in the management of organisational development and vocational training projects, as well as a small group of experts, who are responsible for the competence as project managers in the Chambers or organisations as long-term experts on site.
*Subject to change